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PRINCESS BILQUEES SOOMRO ALIAS BHAGHI. The one and only woman in the world, for whom a decisive war was waged to defend her honour and that of her Nation and her Country Sindh.

I sifted through History books and Internet, to see whether any wars were waged over the honour of women throughout the world in East or in West. There I found only one legend of the Helen of Troy.[1] which is a mythological legend involving Greek Gods and Goddesses but it has been discovered by Barry Strauss [2] that such a war took place, which lasted for ten year. Many movies were produced in the Twentieth Century for commercial purposes of this legend.

In the East, I discovered that in the history of the Indo-Pak Sub continent, there was such a war in Sindh in the years, 1298-1300 A.D at a place “ Thar Bhanghar “ near Soomra Capital  “ Muhammed Tur “ between the Armies of Sultan Allauddin of Dehli Sultnate and the Valiant King of Sindh, Asad-al-Millat Dodo Soomro. In this battle, thousands of soldiers were martyred on either side. The superior forces of Sultan Allauddin under the command of General Zaffar Khan won the battle and Sultan Asad-al-Millat Dodo was martyred. (See The Greatest Epic Poetry Part 1 & 2) [3]

The main cause of this war and consequent war was Princess Bilqees Bhaghi, the sister of the Asad-ul-Millat Dodo Soomro the king of Sindh. Princess Bilqees Bhaghi was a very beautiful woman, pious and well versed in tactics of running an empire. The fame of her beauty had not yet spread but somehow it reached the ears of General Zaffar Khan in Thatta. He coveted her as gift for Sultan Allauddin to gain his favours. He sent his spies to the Soomra Capital of Muhammed Tur for information. On return, the spies told him that there was a rift between the two brothers, Dodo and Chanesar, as Dodo had made himself King and Chanesar stood dethroned. General Zaffar Khan found this a great opportunity to get Princess Bilqees Bhaghi and establish Sultan Allauddin’s suzerainty over the Soomra kingdom.

He therefore sent his emissaries to Sultan Chanesar and to Sultan Dodo Soomro. To Sultan Chanesar he assured him that he would reinstate him as the King of Sindh. And to Sultan Dodo he ordered him to come with royal gifts for Sultan Allauddin along with Princess Bhaghi as a bride for the Sultan.

King Dodo Soomro called for the council of ministers, elders and other dignitaries for consultation. They decided that they would not give the Princess Bilqees for Sultan Allauddin as they were Soomras and he was a Turk by caste. Therefore, it was a matter of their honour. If war is imposed on them they will fight and die rather than to give the Princess for Sultan Allauddin. They immediately started preparation for War with General Zaffar Khan.

General Zaffar Khan, on receiving this reply from Sultan Dodo Soomro, became furious and with his huge army marched towards the Soomra Capital City of Muhammad Tur. As already stated above, General Zaffar Khan won the battle and Sultan Dodo Soomro was martyred. In this war General Zaffar Khan lost nearly half of his army. He put Sultan Chanesar under servialliance and proceeded to Muhammed Tur to plunder the royal riches and capture the Princess Bilqees Bhaghi and other ladies of the harems. When he reached the Palace, he was furious to find it empty and the city deserted. He immediately sent his spies in all directions to find out the where abouts of the royal harems of the house of Tur. Soon the spies returned with the news that harems were now under the protection (Saam) of Rajput Chieftain Abro Samo of Kutch. General Zaffar Khan sent an envoy to Abro Samo to surrender the Princess Bilqees Bhagi with her entourage or face the war.

Abro Samo replied that he was a Rajput and the ladies of the house of Tur were under his protection. He will face the war rather than surrender the Saams i.e the Princess and the ladies of her entourage.

On the other hand, when Sultan Chanesar saw that General Zaffar Khan was determined to follow and capture their harems, he managed to shake off the surveillance of General Zaffar Khan, collected his people and attacked the armies of General Zaffar khan. He and his people were great warriors and fought valiantly killing thousands of the enemy soldiers before they all were martyred.

General Zaffar Khan, now with a nominal army, marched to Kucth to defeat Abro Samo and capture the Princess. Here also Rajput Abro Samo proved to be a formidable foe. He and his soldiers fought so bravely that very little of the army of General Zaffar Khan was left, when Abro Samo and his army faced martyrdom.

The Princess Bilqees Bhaghi, for fear of defeat of Abro Samo in the battle, had already left for nearby mountain refuge under guard and when she heard the news of Abro Samo’s martyrdom; she fell to the ground and prayed to Almighty Allah to save their honour. A thunder was heard and mountain splited at many places and the Princess and all the ladies of the harems jumped in and with a thunder, the mountain splits closed on them. At some places, the corners of their scarves were visible. When General Zaffar Khan reached at these places and saw the corners of the scarves jutting out of the mountain crevices, he feil to the ground in grief and repentance. He realized that now there was nothing left so he decided to return to Dehli, through the desert route via Mirpur Mathelo. But he never reached his destination and died of hunger and thirst in the desert.

The difference between the two wars is as under:

Helen was married to Menelaus King of Sparta when Paris abducted her or she managed to be abducted by Paris and went with him to Troy. Therefore, the war was not to save the honour and chastity of Helen but to avenge the honour of her husband and the Spartans who had been wronged and dishonoured. Again, Helen had no scruples in marrying Paris’s brother after the death of Paris in the war. Again, after the death of Paris’s brother she went back to Menelaus her husband in Sparta. A thousand ships and thousands of soldiers died on either side for her, all in vain.

Whereas, Princess Bilquees Bhaghi was unmarried, a beautiful pious girl whose honour and chastity and the honour of the nation was at stake at the hands of the unscrupulous General Zaffar Khan, which had to be defended. In the end, General Zaffar Khan remained empty handed and the people of Sindh destroyed his remaining army marching back to Dehli through the desert of Sindh.

The conclusion is that the only war fought in the World over a woman was that, which was fought for Princess Bilqees Bhaghi Soomro, in Sindh.


  1. Helen. ( )
  2. Trojan War Archaeology & History – From Helen of Troy to Homer and Schliemann. (
  3. The Salient Features of the rule of Soomra Dynasty in Sindh [By Qamar Din M. Hayat Soomro] in Series under the same title ( Registered & Protected



  1. Neva Flores Says:

    Incredible story that has left me wanted to learn even more. Thank you so much for this wonderful post.

  2. Matti Says:

    Oh my, only one war…wow, I would think one (mini) war happens if not every day, but every hour. Great read…thanks for delivering it. Matti

  3. Says:

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